Biography of Neil Arnott
Neil Arnott (1788-1874) was a physician and a pioneer of public health reform who founded the Arnott Prizes in 1869. In 1875 his widow Marianne and Sir William Thomson endowed the Arnott and Thomson Demonstratorship in Experimental Physics.
Born in Arbroath, Arnott was a graduate of Marischal College, Aberdeen. He became a surgeon to the East India Company and then set up a private practice as a physician in London. He also studied engineering matters and turned his hand to inventing - his inventions included the Arnott Stove and a prototype waterbed.
Arnott was one of the founders of the University of London and a physician-extraordinary to Queen Victoria. He was a friend and colleague of the social reformer Edwin Chadwick and an influential campaigner for public health reform.