Biography of Edward Robert Bulwer-Lytton
1st Earl of Lytton
Edward Robert Bulwer-Lytton, 1st Earl of Lytton (who wrote poetry under the pseudonym Owen Meredith) (1831-1891), was Rector of the University from 1887 until 1890.
Born in London, Bulwer-Lytton was the son of the writer and politician Edward George Earl Lytton Bulwer Lytton, Rector of the University from 1856 to 1859. Bulwer-Lytton became a diplomat serving in many countries around Europe before becoming Viceroy of India from 1876 to 1880. He was appointed Ambassador to France in 1887.
In 1887 Lytton was opposed in the rectorial election by Lord Rosebery, who was to become Rector in 1899. Each candidate won two of the four nations and so, although Rosebery had more votes than his oponent, the election was decided by the casting vote of the Chancellor, Lord Stair, who voted for Lytton.